Physiotherapy is a therapy that makes use of physical techniques to relieve pain and increase mobility. Just like as a machine our body also needs regular maintenance to keep it mobile. Physiotherapy maximizes the range of movement in joints, muscles and bones. It also helps us to improve fitness, balance, mobility, strength as well as injury prevention and treatment.
Many benefits are available of physiotherapy. It helps to reduce orthopedic, neurological, cardiopulmonary and cardiac problems among infants, children, adult and geriatric population. Physiotherapy plays a major role to treat some of the orthopedic disorders like arthritis, fractures, joint disorders, back and neck pain, sports injuries, amputation and post-operative conditions.
Orthopedic physiotherapy: Orthopedic physiotherapy takes place in a private practice, depending on the stage of the condition. Physiotherapy treatment may involve therapeutic exercise to improve strength, range of motion and endurance and to correct postural and muscle imbalance, joint mobilization, manipulation and soft tissue massage as well as stretching and trigger point therapy to reduce stiffness and relieve pain.
Neurological disorders: Patients with neurological disorders such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, parkinson’s disease and spinal cord injury can benefit greatly with physiotherapy treatment. Interventions focus on muscle re-education and control, rehabilitation of fine and gross motor skills, improving daily function, regaining strength and flexibility, learning how to perform safe transfers, restoring and improving gait and training in the use of mobility aids.
Child care physiotherapy: For children suffering from cerebral palsy physical therapy plays a central role in managing the conditions; it focuses on function, movement and optimal use of the child’s potential. Physiotherapy uses physical approaches to promote, maintain and restore physical, psychological and social well-being. Physiotherapists also teach parents how to handle their child at home for feeding, bathing, dressing and other activities, and give advice on mobility devices.
Cardiopulmonary conditions: cardiopulmonary conditions respond well to physiotherapy interventions. Cardiopulmonary physiotherapists work with patients in a variety of settings. They treat acute problems like asthma, acute chest infections and trauma; they are involved in the preparation and recovery of patients from major surgery. They also treat a wide range of cardiac and respiratory conditions like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis (CF) and post-myocardial infarction(MI). Intervention also includes manual therapy and exercise to help clear secretions in the lungs, counseling about risk factors, patient’s education to prevent future recurrence and modification of behavior.
Pain management: in any number of cases for both chronic pain or pain resulting from an accident or injury, physiotherapy will aid in pain management improving your quality of life so you can resume your daily activities, sports and hobbies.
Physiotherapist will assign a number of therapeutic exercises to practice at home between appointments. Many people think that once they are shown how to do the exercises they will no longer require assistance from their physiotherapists. This is a wrong concept. Without regular appointments chances are you will not be able to progress to complete recovery and could even make matters worse. Those who are completely bed ridden can also get treated at their own home. Some professional therapists also provide the services at your own place. Your physiotherapist will first check your improvement and then can increase or change your exercises according to match your progress. Sometimes they will reduce your exercise if you seem to be having difficulty. Physiotherapy plays an important role for a number of treatment programs and when disregarded can stop you from regaining your strength and health.